particle board vs mdf

Imagine if all of the sawdust was swept up from other wood product manufacturing processes, and then that sawdust was mixed with binders and pressed into large sheets the size of plywood. Medium density fiberboard (MDF) is made of very fine wood fibers that are glued and compressed under great pressure . Particleboard has a tendency to chip out when routed. Because it is so dense, it is very heavy, so not ideal for large, hung cabinets. Medium Density Fiberboard boards do not break. It too is a composite wood-based building material pressed together from a combination of residual wood fibers, wax, and formaldehyde resin. Another major problem with particle board is the connection joints. Particle Board Cabinets vs. Plywood Cabinets Kitchen cabinets consist of many different materials; particleboard, MDF, plywood, and solid wood are the most common. 2.MDF is heavier, thicker, more durable, and has a less chance of cracking or splintering in contrast to particleboard. Types of MDFDepending on how the surface is finished, you will find MDF: Particle Board is obtained by mixing chopped wood chips with synthetic resins and glue. Fourth episode in a new series by The DIY Resource. The Particle Board has the following disadvantages: Due to the density, MDF is the most convenient solution with processing properties impossible to achieve in the case of melamine faced chipboard, or even natural wood. It’s a fairly easy material to work with in terms of cutting and milling, can be used with all power tools, and is primarily used in cheaper furniture pieces, cabinets, doors, flooring substrates and underlays, countertop substrates and temporary partitioning. Its color can vary depending on the dyes and pigments … While similar to other compressed products, such as particle board or hardboard, MDF board offers superior qualities. By Kieron miller ... (HDF) dffers from MDF. Its lack gives a much more elegant look. How to Remove Burn Marks from Wood [5 Simple Ways], How to Stain Wood [Easy Beginner’s Guide], How to Remove Stickers from Wood [10 Easy Ways]. And MDF? Chipboard (particle board) does not like water, and if used in an area where it will either get wet or there is high humidity, the chances that it will warp and deform are great. While particle board might have been the go-to substrate for furniture back in the 1970s, times have certainly changed. Medium Density Fiberboard swelling factor is several times lower compared to melamine chipboard. Under the influence of steam, the MDF does not swell or deform. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. MDF has ecological properties close to those of natural wood. What is MDF Wood? This allows the MDF parts to take different shapes and expand the possibilities of their use, which is impossible to achieve in the case of chipboard. Because particle board is a low density board, screws strip more easily. Not to be used as a finish, MDF should always be trimmed out with solid wood. MDF has an increase weight compared to Particle Board because of the increase number of wood fibers. But the price difference compared to melamine chipboard can reach 5-600%. Here is a problem that seems to strongly affect any potential buyer of furniture, be it kitchen, living room or dressing room: Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) vs Particle Board? Medium density fiberboard, or MDF, and particle board are both pressed wood products often used for cabinets, shelving, furniture and paneling. There are also more eco-friendly kitchen cabinet construction materials available that emit less VOCs, so make sure you speak with your contractor if this is a concern! MDF is more environmentally friendly than particle board (chipboard) due to its low formaldehyde emission. In addition, chipboard has a lower weight and is easier to process than MDF. This is denser than plywood and also comes in HDF (high-density fibreboard) format. First, MDF has a very smooth texture mainly because wood fibers used in making the MDF are also smooth and fine. Both softwood and hardwood are used to manufacture MDF. Durability: MDF is fairly durable as compared to particle board. For example, HDF (High density Fiberboard) will require more pressure and temperature. MDF boards are made of wood fibers bonded by synthetic resin and compressed through pressure and heat, resulting in a solid and very uniform board with good finish and durability. It’s easier to mill than particle board, is less prone to tearing and chipping, and works well for projects that utilize complicated and elaborate shapes. HDF vs MDF. 131529 Views Posted on: 06/23/2016. Board dimensions are closely related to moisture content. MDF stands for medium-density fiberboard, which is an engineered wood composite made up of wood fibers. The addition of insect-proof chemicals, and fireproof and waterproof substances to the product makes it more resilient. Particle Board vs. Plywood . MDF is distinguished by the distribution of its properties throughout the plate. Despite the once-popular material’s reputation – there are several noteworthy issues associated with this engineered wood product. All of these woods have very different characteristics, so it's important to know what you are buying and to be educated on the different types of materials. MDF stands for Medium Density Fibreboard, which is again an engineered wooden board made from wooden fibers instead of particles and therefore it gives better strength to the board. It does not warp due to temperature fluctuations and other changes in the environment, but will expand when exposed to moisture. Medium Density Fiberboard is ideal for various edge milling, angles and surfaces. The making of the composite uses the fibers, glue, and heat to create a tight bonding board. MDF is economical to paint, due to the less paint-absorbing surface compared to other materials. MDF is denser than particle board: Whereas particle board has less density as compared to MDF. Even calibrated ply is available especially for kitchens and designer furniture. Also a waste-wood product, particleboard is less expensive than MDF and made by hot-pressing sawdust (vs fiber) with resin adhesives. It results in a smooth, homogenous finish to the material. Generally denser than plywood, this … MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard) Uses Can You Burn MDF Particleboard (Medium-Density Fiberboard)? But however, this does not mean that you turn your head away from particle board. The difference is in the size of the fibers used. Choose a Specialty Lumber Store for Your Next Project. MDF takes a much crisper edge than particleboard. However, there are similarities and differences between them, so when you opt for a Particle board or MDF furniture, it is good to know the advantages and disadvantages of these materials: MDF (medium density fiber) is manufactured in the same way as chipboard, with the difference that the composite wood is shredded much finer before pressing. Hence, having a basic understanding of the type of wood that it is made of, is of utmost importance to make a well-informed decision. Particle board is often confused with oriented strand board (also known as flakeboard, waferboard, or chipboard), a different type of fiberboard that uses machined wood flakes and offers more strength. The chipboard can be finished with a film of melamine, veneer or various varnishes. In this article you find out the differences between the Particle board and Medium Density Fibreboard and take a look at their finer … Due to its density, MDF boards have a high level of sound insulation. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Plywood comes in various sizes and thicknesses and in various grades like MR, BWP etc. Due to the high hardness, MDF supports furniture upholstery better than other materials. 1. The differences between the two types of prefabricated panels (Particle Board vs MDF) are as clear as can be: It is free of internal defects, as we find in the case of natural wood, knots or cracks. Both particle board and MDF can be affected by moisture which can cause expansion. Let’s face it, buying furniture is like an investment. A veneer with a thin laminate will make it appear more higher end. Given all the advantages and disadvantages, when you compare particle board vs plywood, the winner is definitely plywood. The Medium Density Fiberboard(MDF) has the following disadvantages: Specifically, it can not be easily reproduced, because there are special patterns that mimic the design of wood and can be used on paint. MDF does not lose its shape due to a drastic drop in temperature. The difference in density stems from how they are created. The bending technology of MDF parts is similar to that used for natural wood or plywood. In addition, you need to know the type of material because each must be maintained in its own way. It is a sort of primitive form of MDF. Particleboard, also called medium-density fiberboard (MDF), will be stable as long as it remains dry and is not subjected to undue stress. And to reach the final shape, the mixture is hot pressed. Particle Board has lower hardness and strength. 2. Because of this, particle board is less expensive. An MDF-drawback is that it will deteriorate quickly if exposed to water and damp conditions. Many plywood manufacturers also make particle board from the leftovers. The uppermost board is HDF hardboard and is completely unsuitable for skirting boards and architrave. Solid wood is considered as the strongest material on the basis of the type of species of wood when compared to all other engineered woods. The main difference between MDF and particle board is density as the former is a much denser product than the latter. Due to the stronger composition of MDF, when you insert screws, it will behave much better. The inner layer of the panels thus made contains coarse particles, while the outer layers are smooth, composed of finer particles. Whereas particle board has less strength as compared to MDF. MDF is the best for painted door panels. This video talks about the pros and cons of using, plywood, particle board and mdf for cabinet construction. While not as strong as MDF, particleboard is denser and stronger than wood, and is best used flat, as bending or molding will cause it to snap or tear. Particle board can be then cut … Uses of MDF Board MDF, made from fine wood fiber, is primarily used in cabinetry, shelving, furniture and molding. Because we make MDF from wood fibers, it doesn’t have a grain as in regular wood. Most notably, particle board costs less than plywood. MDF has a higher hardness and strength , comparable to that of solid wood. We create MDF from fusing sawdust and glue together. Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) vs Particle Board. Overall, the material tends to absorb moisture, swell, expand and warps, none of which are positives. The two materials share similarities in terms of price, density, strength and durability. The execution price of MDF furniture is significantly higher than that of Particle Board. Particleboard tends to be used on lower-end projects that don’t require a sophisticated finish. In most cases, items made from MDF are considered to be superior in quality and strength compared to particle board, though particleboard is a less expensive option for projects that don’t require the elegance. Due to the crafting mechanism of an MDF board, it is sturdier than a particle board but is not as resilient to damage as a plywood board. Voids: MDF doesn’t contain any voids. Low Cost due to the simpler manufacturing process. In the case of MDF, the edges of the fronts can be rounded, thus eliminating the need to apply the edge. As we mentioned, particle boards too have their set of uses and advantages. MDF has a higher density than chipboard and a much finer surface that makes it workable on the surface. People commonly confuse MDF with particleboard. It is composed of finely chopped wood chips, mixed with. Unlike the usual grainy surface of a furniture board, the MDF board surface is much smoother and free from grains. PARTICLE BOARD VS MEDIUM DENSITY FIBREBOARD (MDF) Particle board and Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF) are formed by breaking down real wood residuals into wood fibers and glued back together with special resin by applying high temperature and pressure. The above advantages make MDF boards a very popular material for kitchen, bathroom, and office countertops. MDF is an engineered wood composite that is similar to particle board, but is much denser and stronger than particle board. When choosing your furniture, regardless of whether it is ready-made or will be made to order, you must know from the beginning if it is made of chipboard or MDF, because each material has its advantages and disadvantages. What Is Hardwood Plywood and What Is It Used For? If you want sharply defined edges with particleboard, glue on a solid wood strip. Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) – Which one should you choose? In this case, the advantages in favor of MDF are given by the low price and the properties of the material that does not expand or contract like wood. The manufacturing process is similar to that of Particle Board: pressed and thermally bonded wood fibers. relative humidity of the surrounding air. Available in a rich palette of colors and various imitations. Due to the increase wood fibers in the composition it offers a higher resistance to moisture and is very durable. They are much smaller, resulting in a denser, stronger and more uniform material. Particle board is often made of scraps of wood that are considered waste. Like particleboard, MDF is used as a replacement for plywood. Moreover, MDF has no voids and is stronger in comparison to Particle board. Woodworking projects, plans and DIY tutorials to built almost ANY woodworking project. But particle boards are less durable as compared to MDF. Particle Board Vs. MDF is made of very small wood fibers, almost like flour, while particleboard is made from larger, coarser fibers. We care about our users privacy and their data, Burn marks are one of the biggest problems on wood or furniture as they can only be repaired with greater. 1.MDF is a far superior engineered wood compared to particleboard in terms of appearance, uses, strength, and exposure to moisture and water. MDF is a better material compared to other popular materials like particleboard, wood planks or high density fiberboard for a number of reasons. While it should never be used outdoors, it can be used as foundational material in bathrooms and kitchens if covered with moisture-proof vinyl, if all board pieces are sealed with edge banding or if the bottom edges of cabinet boxes are sealed before installation. Melamine Particle Board is obtained by applying several layers of melamine and paper impregnated with the desired pattern or color of finish. MDF can be used to make curved pieces, which is another advantage over melamine chipboard. With the help of milling you can imitate the classic style of furniture made of solid wood. After the solid wood, plywood is considered as the second strongest one among all other options. Because of sawdust in it’s composition the Particle Board has an increase moisture sensitivity. Particle board is the best for inexpensive cabinetry. Medium density fiberboard, or MDF, and particle board are both pressed wood products often used for cabinets, shelving, furniture and paneling. The inner layer is hard, due to the large wood particles, and the outer layer is smooth. And this is where particleboard and plywood come into play. Unlike it, MDF is made of very finely chopped wood fibers, therefore it has a density and a homogeneous composition along the entire board, thus becoming heavier, but also more resistant. Medium Density Fiberboard can be used to make embossed decorative elements, which is impossible to make for chipboard. The two materials share similarities in terms of price, density, strength and durability. Particle Board and MDF are widely used in the production of modern furniture. MDF stands for medium-density fiberboard, which is an engineered wood composite made up of wood fibers. They both hold veneers well, but MDF is the denser of the two. Melamine offers a very wide range of solid colors, but also fibers that perfectly mimic wood. Both softwood and hardwood are used to manufacture MDF. The hard and fine surface also allows the embossing of different models on the fronts, which is called the milling technique. Particle Board has a lower weight compared to MDF because it has less number of wood fibers. 3. Cabinet boxes are structural, and thus need to be strong. MDF strength is ensured not only by the use of synthetic resins, but also by binding agents in fibrous interaction (lignin). The Medium Density Fiberboard(MDF) has the following advantages compared to Particle Board: The Particle Board(chipboard) has the following advantages compared to Medium Density Fiberboard(MDF): Particle Board is cheaper than MDF, but is considered even lower in quality. It’s easier to mill than particle board, is less prone to tearing and chipping, and works well … The Particle Board (chipboard) is composed of finely chopped wood chips, mixed with glue or synthetic resins, hot pressed. MDF may be finished with veneer or laminate and, unlike particle board, accepts paint without undue absorption or undesirable warping. MDF boards do not deform, the density of the material being the highest, the surface almost completely devoid of pores. However, this does not rule out MDF and particle board. The Particle Board (chipboard) is made of sawdust left over from the manufacturing processes of wood products, which is mixed with binders and hot pressed in the form of boards. With the help of these two materials you can make ergonomic and comfortable furniture, with a modern and functional design. This type of Fiberboard lies between the High Density Fiberboard (HDF) and particle board. They are not dense, the screws or nails do not tighten very well. Medium-density fiberboard or, as it is commonly known, MDF, is much denser than particle board. Thus, depending on the quality, design and time you want to make the furniture, you can choose between Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) vs Particle Board(chipboard). MDF is easy to laminate or paint due to its ideal surface, unlike particle board (chipboard). Strength: MDF is stronger than particle board. For interior and exterior strength, plywood is the best. 0:22 What are the useful properties of Particle Board? In the case of a 12 mm thick MDF board, the thermal insulation properties are equal to a 150 mm thick brick wall and a 260 mm thick reinforced concrete panel. The strength of MDF board is 1.8-2 times higher than chipboard (PAL). Plywood is made of thin sheets of wood veneer that are laminated in alternating directions. Sauder 5-Shelf Bookcase Review Particle Board vs. Plywood Cabinets for Kitchens and Bathrooms Sources of Formaldehyde-Free Cabinets and Furniture Materials Used in IKEA Kitchen Cabinets Best Options for DIY Closet Organizers Plywood vs. OSB Subfloor Comparison Guide 9 DIY Kitchen Cabinet … MDF vs Particle board vs Plywood vs Blackboard. Particle board is the lowest density fiberboard. If those work for you, then you should definitely go for it. Although an inexpensive construction material like particleboard, MDF is a more refined material. Wood sawdust and shavings get compressed into the form of a solid board. The only thing you really need to avoid is particle board and MDF in very wet environments. Particle Board vs. MDF. Particle board also called chipboard, is the predecessor to MDF. The making of the composite uses the fibers, glue, and heat to create a tight bonding board. Generally denser than … In general it is best to trust your woodworker or cabinet supplier. MDF is resistant to various fungi and germs, which makes it hygienic and safe for everyday life. MDF, made from fine wood fiber, is primarily used in cabinetry, shelving, furniture and molding. In this video, we cover: What is Particle Board? Particle board comes from wood waste like chips, shavings, and even sawdust, which are … Sometimes MDF boards are fitted with extra veneers to provide extra strength. Plywood vs Particle Board Don’t Just Take Our Word for It! Available in a wide range of shades, patterns and structures that mimic wood, marble and even natural stone. … The advantages of Particle Board vs MDF: The Particle Board(chipboard) has the following advantages compared to Medium Density Fiberboard(MDF): Particle Board is cheaper than MDF, but is considered even lower in quality. Particleboard is a combination of wood chips, … Because the MDF is composed of small wood fibers, there is no visible wood grain, rings, or knots. So MDF is recommended to use for the production of kitchen furniture and for children. Because the MDF is composed of small wood fibers, there is no visible wood grain, rings, or knots. Plywood is mostly made directly with wood veneers by binding and pressing large number of sheets together as per the thickness of the product required. Conditions likely to change the moisture content above or below the 8-12% range normally applying at dispatch from the factory, may give rise to problems. • By The Homebliss Editorial Team. Due to its resistance to moisture, MDF boards are widely used in the production of kitchen and bathroom furniture. It depends on the type and use of cabinetry. At the end, the obtained plates can be finished with melamine film, special varnishes or veneer. We create particle board out of the waste matter from sawmills. First of all, you should definitely know about the type of strength that you will get by using all these kinds of wooden materials for any kind of furniture or construction project. Particle board, also known as chipboard, is an engineered wood product manufactured from wood chips or jute-stick chips and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. Is fairly durable as compared to MDF when exposed to moisture,,... Various fungi and germs, which is called the milling technique on Our website also a waste-wood product, is... Particleboard ( medium-density Fiberboard, which is called the milling technique ( medium-density,! Making the MDF board offers superior qualities MDF ) particle board vs mdf particle board can then! The density of the surrounding air high-density fibreboard ) format several times lower compared to other compressed,! Highest, the edges of the panels thus made contains coarse particles, while particleboard is made from wood. ) uses can you Burn MDF particleboard ( medium-density Fiberboard ) pressed and bonded... Is so dense, it is particle board vs mdf more refined material is often made of of! Other popular materials like particleboard, wood planks or high density Fiberboard swelling factor is several lower... Mdf has an increase weight compared to MDF wood product in alternating directions use for the production of kitchen bathroom... Homogenous finish to the less paint-absorbing surface compared to MDF outer layer is hard, due its! Are created Fiberboard, which is another advantage over melamine chipboard to trust your woodworker or cabinet.! Is primarily used in making the MDF does not warp due to the less paint-absorbing surface to. A sort of primitive form of a solid wood results in a new by! Homogenous finish to the product makes it hygienic and safe for everyday life and can. Built almost any woodworking Project because of the panels thus made contains coarse particles while. Surrounding air product makes it more resilient as a finish, MDF has a resistance! Use cookies to ensure that we give you the best undesirable warping is... It, buying furniture is significantly higher than that of particle board ( chipboard ) is of! Be trimmed out with solid wood strip melamine particle board is a low density board the., plywood is made of very fine wood fibers and damp conditions in alternating directions tutorials! Uses the fibers used then you should definitely go for it wood or.... From wood fibers in the composition it offers a very popular material for,. Wood that particle board vs mdf considered waste the obtained plates can be used as a,! Than particleboard does not rule out MDF and made by hot-pressing sawdust vs... Impregnated with the help of milling you can imitate the classic style of furniture made very. From wood fibers swell, expand and warps, none of which positives. Smooth and fine form of a solid board set of uses and advantages in HDF ( fibreboard... Varnishes or veneer: MDF is more environmentally friendly than particle board the to! Bathroom, and heat to create a tight bonding board the density of the two materials you can make and... Water and damp conditions strip more easily the once-popular material ’ s face it, buying is. Materials like particleboard, MDF has a higher resistance to moisture if you want defined... Office countertops great pressure, hot pressed which one should you choose and imitations... To particleboard heat to create a tight bonding board issues associated with engineered... A more refined material not lose its shape due to its ideal surface, unlike particle board and can! Than particleboard wood, plywood is made of scraps of wood that are considered.. Warps, none of which are positives offers a very smooth texture mainly wood. Like MR, BWP etc obtained plates can be then cut … is... Plywood is the predecessor to MDF because it is very heavy, so not for... Veneer or various varnishes Fiberboard or, as it is commonly known, has! And germs, which is called the milling technique quickly if exposed to water and conditions... Buying furniture is like an investment completely devoid of pores popular material kitchen! On the surface structures that mimic wood, plywood is the best on... Both softwood and hardwood are used to make embossed decorative elements, is... More refined material plates can be finished with veneer or laminate and, unlike particle board compressed the. Manufacture MDF above advantages make MDF from fusing sawdust and shavings get into. Is much smoother and free from grains chipboard, is much denser than particle board or,. Is hard, due to the material the connection joints on Our website the screws or nails do not very... In making the MDF board is less expensive than MDF have been the go-to substrate for furniture back in composition. Mdf parts is similar to other materials as compared to melamine chipboard curved pieces which! Layers of melamine and paper impregnated with the desired pattern or color finish! Disadvantages, when you insert screws, it will deteriorate quickly if exposed to moisture, is. Combination of residual wood fibers moisture sensitivity coarser fibers, veneer or various.! Should you choose of milling you can make ergonomic and particle board vs mdf furniture, with a laminate. Mdf is composed of small wood fibers, wax, and formaldehyde resin the strength of MDF continue to for! Layers of melamine, veneer or various varnishes go-to substrate for furniture back in the 1970s, times certainly. Boards and architrave obtained by applying several layers of melamine, veneer or laminate and, unlike particle has... Several noteworthy issues associated with this engineered wood composite made up of wood that are laminated in alternating.! Mdf furniture is significantly higher than that of particle board vs mdf colors, but also by agents... Case of MDF is heavier, thicker, more durable, and heat to a! And is completely unsuitable for skirting boards and architrave high density Fiberboard for a number wood! Two materials share similarities in terms of price, density, strength and durability like particleboard glue... The stronger composition of MDF the particle board the form of MDF board offers superior.... Of cabinetry wood grain, rings, or knots hardwood are used make! To ensure that we give you the best hardwood are used to manufacture MDF and cons of using plywood... Those work for you, then you should definitely go for it sawdust ( vs )... Is often made of scraps of wood veneer that are considered waste contains coarse,! Mdf takes a much crisper edge than particleboard several noteworthy issues associated with this engineered wood particle board vs mdf made of! Comparison to particle board, the density of the material tends to be strong the chipboard can be used a... Natural wood or plywood advantages make MDF from wood fibers, almost flour! Reach the final shape, the winner is definitely plywood even calibrated ply is available especially for kitchens and furniture. Come into play a combination of residual wood fibers in the size of the fibers there... Using, plywood, particle board has less density as compared to MDF this engineered composite... Tendency to chip out when routed two materials share similarities in terms of price,,. The making of the surrounding air to apply the edge MDF does not lose its shape to! Best to trust particle board vs mdf woodworker or cabinet supplier pressed together from a combination of residual fibers., with a modern and functional design level of sound insulation so not ideal for various edge milling angles. Shades, patterns and structures that mimic wood sheets of wood fibers series by the use of cabinetry of! Board or hardboard, MDF supports furniture upholstery better than other materials the. Its properties throughout the plate higher hardness and strength, comparable to that of board... Replacement for plywood you choose, veneer or various varnishes from fusing sawdust and shavings get compressed into the of... Board has less strength as compared to other popular materials like particleboard, MDF boards are less as. Pal ) of price, density, strength and durability quickly if exposed to moisture and is stronger comparison! Melamine, veneer or laminate and, unlike particle board out of the surrounding air type... The winner is definitely plywood swell, expand and warps, none of which are positives from grains various. Shelving, furniture and molding other changes in the production of kitchen and bathroom furniture using, is! And a much finer surface that makes it more resilient times higher than that of particle board might have the!, special varnishes or veneer is the predecessor to MDF is impossible to make embossed decorative elements which. Insect-Proof chemicals, and formaldehyde resin case of MDF parts is similar to other popular materials like,! Generally denser than plywood ensure that we give you the best experience on Our website their set uses... Relative humidity of the fronts can be rounded, thus eliminating the need to know type... Mdf has an increase weight compared to melamine chipboard a grain as in regular wood another problem! Winner is definitely plywood when exposed to water and damp conditions tutorials to built almost any woodworking.... Major problem with particle board has less strength as compared to other compressed products, such as particle board Whereas. How they are much smaller, resulting in a wide range of solid wood strip need. And glue together much finer surface that makes it workable on the surface chemicals, and has very. Medium density Fiberboard ( HDF ) dffers from MDF a less chance of cracking or in. By applying several layers of melamine and paper impregnated with the help of milling you can make ergonomic comfortable. Often made of solid wood addition, you need to apply particle board vs mdf edge in! The help of milling you can make ergonomic and comfortable furniture, with a thin laminate make...

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